Yes. Some mechanism(s) that providers employ to resolve conflicts of interest for authors, speakers, and reviewers (e.g., peer-review of content) do not address the role(s) that planners have in controlling decisions that occur before content is developed for a CME activity. This influence may include choosing topics and faculty for the CME activity. To resolve conflicts for planners with relevant financial relationships, the provider needs to implement mechanisms that ensure independence in the planning process, itself, prior to the development of educational content and instruction. See the ACCME website Examples of Provider Compliance and Noncompliance for application of these concepts.